Teaching mathematical modelling can be quite different from teaching of other topics in mathematics. This is partly because mathematical modelling typically involves not just knowledge and skills in mathematics and modelling, but very often also knowledge in other disciplines. In addition, the nature of modelling activities can lead to sometimes unpredictable outcomes in the classroom, and this may sometimes disrupt or derail a teacher’s lesson plan.

Therefore, it would be helpful if there are mechanisms or guidelines to help teachers design and plan their mathematical modelling lessons or activities for the classroom.